An employee’s interactions or behavior at work are referred to as their individual behavior. It consists of a variety of reactions to both internal and external stimuli. Individual behavior refers to how a person responds to different circumstances and communicates feelings like happiness, rudeness, love, hatred, and so forth. It speaks of a specific action that a person has taken.
To understand how people behave at work, individual behavior is investigated. The performance of an organization is significantly influenced by individual conduct. Productivity rises as a result of positive conduct. On the other hand, unfavorable behavior will harm the business and result in large losses.
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Individual Behavior In An Organisation
Every person is different since human behavior is thought to be the most complex. Several factors can either directly or indirectly influence employee behavior in an effective firm. In some instances, the management of the organization must first evaluate the task at hand, determine the talents necessary, and put together a team whose skills can complement and balance one another.
Safety settings, people’s capacities, and limits must first be assessed in order to manage a number of elements. A variety of factors, such as the following, might affect a person’s organizational behavior:
Personal factors that can impact an individual’s behavior are divided into two categories: Biographic and learning traits.
i. Biographic qualities
Every human is born with a unique set of inherited and genetic traits. These characteristics cannot be altered. An organization’s manager will be better equipped to implement its behavior strategies if they are aware of the strengths and weaknesses that each employee possesses. These characteristics consist of the following:
- Physical Description:
Height, complexion, skin tone, vision, and a number of other characteristics are all relevant. Performance of the individual is impacted. Also present are traits like being tall, overweight, or thin. A person with a good personality is expected to dress professionally and behave appropriately in an organization, even if there is no correlation between conduct and physical appearance.
The age of a person is a heritable trait. In terms of raising performance, it is viewed as a concern. In comparison to older people, young people are expected to be more active, adventurous, inventive, risk-taking, and ambitious. When a person becomes older, their performance is more likely to decline.
This is an inherited trait. This subject has spawned countless discussions, disagreements, and points of view. Tradition holds that women are seen as having greater emotional sensitivity than men. Little variations may have an impact on how well men and women perform at work.
Without any gender differences, some persons possess the qualities of leadership, motivation, learning, analysis, and problem-solving. A survey revealed that female workers left the company more frequently than male workers. This is due to the fact that females are more likely to leave their jobs for personal reasons.
Religion and the cultures it is associated with have a significant influence on how different parts of human behavior are defined, especially those that relate to ethics, morals, and codes of conduct. It assists in determining a person’s attitude towards money management incentives and employment motivations. But no one can disagree that genuinely religious people have higher moral standards than others.
- Marital Status:
A recent study found that a person’s commitments are related to their marital status, which makes it harder to hold onto a job for an extended period of time. Employees who are married report lesser absenteeism, more job satisfaction, and lower turnover.
How long a person has been there or how much experience they have has a big impact on the company. Because of the seniority element, it sparks a lot of interest and uncertainty. Work experience is regarded as another promising sign that raises productivity by enhancing effectiveness and efficiency. Seniority and job performance are closely related. When opposed to seniority, employee turnover is seen as a negative element as well.
ii. Learned characteristics
Learning is described as a long-term modification of an employee’s behavior that results in interactions with the environment. A person’s biographical qualities cannot be altered. The organization’s managers consequently showed a significant interest in learning, researching, and foreseeing the learned attributes, which included:
A person’s personality is not solely based on how they look. A nice personality is characterized by an informed attitude, a caring disposition, and a pleasant disposition. This idea is dynamic because it explains how a person’s psychological system develops and changes throughout time. Personal traits or characteristics also include things like persistence, assertiveness, dominance, and other qualities that show up in a person’s behavior within the company.
Knowledge of a situation is aided by perception, which is a point of view. It’s also thought to be the process through which data enters people’s heads and takes on a meaningful meaning for the entire globe.
Values are a form of universal belief that influences various decisions and behaviors in a number of contexts. It is a person’s belief system that is founded on correct, good, and desirable ideas. It is firmly embedded in people’s personalities, as seen by their actions.
Furthermore, teachers, parents, friends, and a host of other external factors that radically alter a person’s beliefs, attitudes, and thoughts frequently have a direct impact on values. Values have a significant impact on how an organization acts. It helps in understanding a person’s drive and disposition as well as the influences on their views or point of view.
Factors affecting the organization – Individual behavior is influenced by a wide range of resources and organizational structures, which include:
- Physical Facilities:
An arrangement of helpful individuals and items with the capacity to make an impact on others is referred to as the physical workplace environment. An individual’s behavior is influenced by a variety of factors, including cleanliness, light, ventilation, noise level, type of job, workforce size, and others.
- Structure and Design:
How each department is set up is closely tied to the organization’s structure and design. A person’s performance and conduct are directly impacted by where they can fit into the entire organizational structure.
The management of the organization sets up a leadership system so that people can get the proper assistance, advice, guidance, direction, and coaching. Each employee’s behavior is significantly influenced by the actions of other people in the same organization.
- Incentive System:
The reward system designed by the organization has a direct impact on individual performance and conduct in order for employees to be able to compensate.