India is the country with the largest population in this entire world and it’s nothing to be astonished to also let you know that it is also the country that is prone to most poverty as well, needless to say with all the illiteracy and problems the population brings along with it’s other side effects. The saddest part about this is that the whole poverty and illiteracy thing has been affecting India and their youth’s future for a long time now. And it would be better if we try to reduce poverty by any method as soon as possible.
Even though the problems are dire and sometimes pull India back from making developments and expanding to it’s full opportunity, there have been multiple measures and programmes that have been started by the government to keep peace in the society and to strategically eradicate the poverty that has wrapped up it’s arms around some of the lower societies in the country. Our governance understands how much necessary it is to alleviate the below poverty and poverty cases and how making them better might help the nation altogether.
Hence, read further to know about the programming that has been started and executed by the government fir the development of rural societies and to make slight changes to help build the youth’s future further.
Jawahar Gram Samriddhi Yojana (JSY)
JSY or also known as Jawahar Gram Samriddhi Yojana was first started on 1st April, 1999. Basically, JSY, is nothing but a comprehensive and streamlined version of a scheme that was released prior to this one – JRY which is broadly known as Jawahar Rozgar Yojna. All in all, the main aim and motive of both of these schemes were to work for the development of the rural areas.
It focused on building up infrastructure like roads in the villages that connected them to small cities and made them more accessible for jobs and works. Other social infrastructure like investing in schools for the kids of the villages to learn about the world and hospitals for treating the patients in the village without the villagers running off to urban cities.
National Old Age Pension Scheme (NAOPS)
This scheme of NAOPS came into action on 15th August, 1995. This scheme was started to support the people who are old and retired and have no means of survival or any income source. When it was started back in 1995, the pension that was given was Rs. 200/- per month which has now, in the recent days have become Rs. 2000/- of amount.
Although the central government is the one responsible for handing out the pension, in rural areas and small cities, the panchayats and the municipalities are the organisation charged with the responsibility of providing the pension to people who are aged over 60 years.
National Family Benefit Scheme (NFBS)
The National Family Benefit Scheme or easily called as (NFBS) was again introduced in August 1995, by the government of India throughout the whole country. The very important aim for which the government chose this scheme was that this scheme provided an immediate financial relief to the families who lost their bread earner to any of the natural disasters or any accidental cause. This scheme was made solely for the families that belonged to the below poverty line (BPL).
An amount of a lump sum Rs.10,000 was given to the bereaved families and households who lost their earner, irrespective of how their death occurred. The people who are aged from 18 to age 64, are the one’s eligible to Benefit from this scheme.
National Maternity Benefit Scheme
This is the scheme for the soon-to-be mother who belongs to a below poverty line. The mother has to get the pregnancy register in the first three months of the positive reports and they are provided with an amount of Rs.6000/- that would be provided in instalments.
The first instalment is given when the mother is in the first trimester of the pregnancy with the amount of Rs.3000/-, that is in the first three to four months and then Rs. 1500/- is given at the time of delivery and the final and the third instalment is given after five months of the delivery. The mother would still get the money and the instalments in case there is any incidents of the child dying.
Integrated Rural Development Program (IRDP)
IRDP is on of the most ambitious program in the world that has been started by the government if India to eradicate poverty by income generating assets for the poorest of the poor people living in the country. The program was first ever generated in 1978 in some parts of the country and was successfully a part of the whole India by the end of 1980.
The main and the most important objective of this program is to alleviate poverty for the people who are living in poverty and especially those who are living in below poverty line by creating opportunities for them to earn and develop the rural areas.
The last but not the least of the programmes that we have on our list is the Annapurna program. Coming into action, this scheme was started in 1999 for the poor and old citizens of the country. In this scheme, the government decided to provide the citizens who were old and had no one to look after them or provide with the meals of the day. This scheme also helped the ones who weren’t registered in the NOAPS or the National Old Age Pension Scheme.
The people registered under this scheme became eligible to have grain of 10 kg in a month to have meals. When the scheme was started back in 1999 the budget decide to bring this scheme into action was 100 crore. This scheme mostly focused on the people who were the poorest and the old ones with nobody in their village to look or provide for them.